About Us

Background

IDP camp in northern uganda photo

An internally-displaced persons camp in Northern Uganda.

Northern Uganda was devastated by a 20-year armed insurgency that resulted in tremendous suffering, insecurity, and the displacement of 1.8 million people. In the four years after the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, however, Northern Uganda transitioned into post-conflict rehabilitation and reconstruction, remaining stable and secure in the absence of interference from the Lord’s Resistance Army. More than 90% of the nearly two million internally-displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the peak of the war either returned to their areas of origin or identified new villages within which to settle. As of December 2010, only an estimated 182,000 IDPs remained in camps or transitional sites.

Despite tremendous progress, challenges remain. Inadequate access to water, scarce livelihood opportunities, minimal food security, remote health and education services, and insufficient infrastructure and legal systems continue to inhibit the progress and sustainability of reintegration of IDP's in Northern Uganda. In addition, districts have not fully benefited from the overall national progress made by HIV, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria programs in other parts of Uganda. HIV prevalence in the north remains high at 9.1% according to a recent survey, and although HIV & AIDS services are available in all northern districts, they are of varied quality and typically restricted to towns and municipalities.

History

In August 2006, JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. and its partner organizations (AMREF, AIDS Information Centre (AIC), and World Vision) were selected to implement the program "Expanding HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Services to Northern Central Uganda," which later came to be known as NUMAT.

aerial view of an IDP camp

Aerial view of an IDP camp in Northern Uganda.

NUMAT was a dynamic program that responded to the changing situation in Northern Uganda, as well as the specific needs of the target districts, which expanded from the original nine to fifteen. NUMAT improved human resource capacity, increased effective use of social sector services and the capacity to sustain them, and created an environment that supports prevention and care for HIV & AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.

Project activities were based on input from key partners and stakeholders to align with NUMAT’s overall goals. The project expanded the geographic coverage and populations served by strengthening local government responses, expanding the role of communities in planning, implementation and monitoring activities, and building upon existing networks.

At the time NUMAT was awarded, two other USAID projects—Community Resilience & Dialogue and UGANDA Program for Human and Holistic Development—were concluding interventions in Northern Uganda, while a third—Uganda AIDS/HIV Integrated Model District Programme—had ended six months earlier. NUMAT built on the achievements and the regional networks that these two project created to ensure a smooth start to NUMAT.


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